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    The 1:100 000 scale bedrock map data of the Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) include material produced during 1948-2007 for the needs of the mapping of mineral resources, for the sustainable exploitation of aggregate resources and for scientific research. These data include lithological information as polygons, bedrock observation points and drilling sites as well as essential tectonic observations, and information on lithological primary structures, ore minerals and metamorphic index minerals. Some 1:100 000 map sheets give both stratigraphical information as well as lithological data. An explanatory text accompanies most map sheets.

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    The EMODnet (European Marine Observation and Data network) Geology project collects and harmonizes marine geological data from the European sea areas to support decision making and sustainable marine spatial planning. The partnership includes 39 marine organizations from 30 countries. The partners, mainly from the marine departments of the geological surveys of Europe (through the Association of European Geological Surveys-EuroGeoSurveys), have assembled marine geological information at various scales from all European sea areas (e.g. the White Sea, Baltic Sea, Barents Sea, the Iberian Coast, and the Mediterranean Sea within EU waters). This multiscale dataset include EMODnet seabed substrate maps at a scale of 1:25 000, 1: 50 000, 1:100 000, 1: 250 000 and 1: 1 000 000 from the European marine areas, compiled in subsequent projects running since 2009. Traditionally, European countries have conducted their marine geological surveys according to their own national standards and classified substrates on the grounds of their national classification schemes. These national classifications are harmonised into a shared EMODnet schema using Folk's sediment triangle with a hierarchy of 16, 7 and 5 substrate classes. The data describes the seabed substrate from the uppermost 30 cm of the sediment column. Further information about the EMODnet Geology project is available on the portal (http://www.emodnet-geology.eu/).

  • Seabed substrate 1:100 000 is one of the products produced in the EMODnet (European Marine Observation and Data network) Geology III EU project. Project provided seabed geological material from the European maritime areas. The EMODnet Geology III project (http://www.emodnet-geology.eu/) collects and harmonizes geological data from the European sea areas to support decision-making and sustainable marine spatial planning. The EMODnet Geology partnership has included 39 marine organizations from 30 countries. This data includes the EMODnet seabed substrate map at a scale of 1:100 000 from the Finnish marine areas. It is based on the data produced on a scale of 1:20 000 by the Geological Survey of Finland (GTK). The data has been harmonized and reclassified into five Folk substrate classes (clay + silt (mud), sandy clays, clayey sands, coarse sediments, mixed sediments) and bedrock. The data describes the seabed substrate from the uppermost 30 cm of the sediment column. The data have been generalized into a target scale (1:100 000). The smallest smallest cartographic unit within the data is 0.05 km2 (5 hectares). Further information about the EMODnet-Geology project III is available on the portal (http://www.emodnet-geology.eu/). Permission (AN17367) to publish the material was obtained from the Finnish Defence Office 29.9.2017.

  • The EMODnet (European Marine Observation and Data network) Geology project (http://www.emodnet-geology.eu/) collects and harmonizes marine geological data from the European sea areas to support decisionmaking and sustainable marine spatial planning. The partnership includes 39 marine organizations from 30 countries. The partners, mainly from the marine departments of the geological surveys of Europe (through the Association of European Geological Surveys- EuroGeoSurveys), have assembled marine geological information at a scale of 1:100 000 from all European sea areas (e.g. the White Sea, Baltic Sea, Barents Sea, the Iberian Coast, and the Mediterranean Sea within EU waters). This data includes the EMODnet seabed substrate map at a scale of 1:100 000 from the European marine areas. Traditionally, European countries have conducted their marine geological surveys according to their own national standards and classified substrates on the grounds of their national classification schemes. These national classifications are harmonized into a shared EMODnet schema using Folk's sediment triangle with a hierarchy of 16, 7 and 5 substrate classes. The data describes the seabed substrate from the uppermost 30 cm of the sediment column. The data has been generalized into a target scale (1:100 000). The smallest cartographic unit within the data is 0.05 km2 (5 hectares). Further information about the EMODnet-Geology project is available on the portal (http://www.emodnet-geology.eu/).

  • The Topographic map series is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The key elements in it are the road network, buildings and constructions, geographic names, waterways, land use and elevation. The more precise levels of the Topographic map series consist of the same map objects and map symbols depicted in the same way as in the familiar Basic map. Basic map raster is applicable to be used, for instance, as a base map for planning land use or for excursion and outdoor recreational purposes in mobile devices and in various Internet services associated with nature. When going over to the more general datasets in the Topographic map series, the number and visualisation of objects and map symbols changes. The generalised small-scale Topographic maps raster are applicable to be used as approach maps in e.g. mobile devices and Internet services. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it

  • Municipal Division is a dataset depicting the municipal division in the whole of Finland. The Municipal Division dataset is produced in scales 1:10,000, 1:100,000, 1:250,000, 1:1,000,000 and 1:4,500,000. The data included in the dataset in scale 1:10,000 are taken from the cadastral registry. Regarding other scales, municipal boundaries have been generalised to suit the scale in question. The Municipal Division dataset is available as products both in vector and raster format. The products in vector format contain the number codes of the municipalities, the names of the municipalities in both Finnish and in Swedish as well as municipal boundaries and municipal geographical areas. In addition, the vector product includes the corresponding information about the regions, the State Administrative Agencies and the nation as well as a specification of the municipality's area into land and water area in MapInfo and Shape format. Products in raster format include municipal boundaries only. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it .

  • Paavo - Open data by postal code area contain the following geographic data: 1) Paavo postal code areas 2) Paavo postal code areas (extended to sea areas) 3) Paavo statistical data (103 variables) combined with the postal code areas There are two different versions of the map data: extending to sea areas mainly produced for statistics production, and the version produced from this for map visualisation cut with the coastline. The map data contain the surface areas of the postal code areas and the municipality codes defined for the postal code areas. The statistical data contain data on the population structure, the degree of education, the income of the inhabitants and households, the size of house-holds and life stage, buildings and dwellings, workplaces, and the main ac-tivities of the inhabitants. The statistical data are also available in the PxWeb database (http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/en/Postinumeroalueittainen_avoin_tieto/). The data are protected. Protected data are indicated with -1. New data are updated annually in January. The data descriptions can be found in this link: http://tilastokeskus.fi/tup/paavo/paavon_aineistokuvaukset_en.html. The general Terms of Use must be observed when using the data: http://tilastokeskus.fi/org/lainsaadanto/copyright_en.html.

  • National Land Survey's Topographic map series in vector format is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The most important elements are the road network, administrative borders, preservation areas, population centres, geographic names, waterways, land use and elevation. The largest scale level (1:100,000) of the Topographic map series in vector format is produced by generalising from the Topographic database. Topographic map series 1:250,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:100,000. Topographic map series 1:1,000,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:250,000. Topographic map series 1:4,500,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:1,000,000. The geographic names have been generalised from the geographic names in the Geographic Names Register to map names suited to the scale in question. The administrative borders in the Municipal Division of each scale are used as administrative borders. The Topographic map series in vector format can be used for the production of other map products, e.g. approach maps or maps on a regional or national level The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it.

  • Yhdyskuntarakenteen vyöhykkeet on SYKEn tuottama valtakunnallinen paikkatietoaineisto. Aineisto on muodostettu luokittelemalla ja yhdistelemällä yhdyskuntarakenteen seurannan (YKR) 250 x 250 metrin ruutuja jalankulku-, joukkoliikenne ja autovyöhykkeisiin keskustaetäisyyden ja joukkoliikenteen palvelutason perusteella. Joukkoliikennevyöhykkeet kuvaavat joukkoliikenteen tarjontaa ruuhka-aikana, eikä vyöhyke kuvaa joukkoliikenteen todellista käyttöä kyseisellä alueella. Aineisto on laadittu Suomen 34 kaupunkiseudulle YKR-kaupunkiseuturajauksen mukaan. Mukana ovat kaikki ne vuoden taajamat, jotka ovat kuuluneet kaupunkiseutuun vuosina 1985–2015. Uudenmaan maakunnan alueella vyöhykkeet on laadittu kaikille taajamille. Aineisto kuuluu SYKEn avoimiin aineistoihin (CC BY 4.0). Yhdyskuntarakenteen vyöhykkeet 2017 kuvaavat vuoden 2017 tilannetta taajamarajauksen ja keskusta-alueiden osalta sekä joukkoliikenneaikataulujen osalta vuoden 2019 alun tilannetta. Eri vuosien vyöhykkeet ovat tuotettu hieman erilaisella kriteeristöllä ja joukkoliikenteen aineistopohjalla, joten ne eivät ole suoraan täysin vertailukelpoisia. Käyttötarkoitus: Yhdyskuntarakenteen vyöhykkeet on rajattu SYKEssä yhdyskuntarakenteen seurannan sekä maankäytön ja liikenteen suunnittelun tarpeisiin. Lisätietoja: https://geoportal.ymparisto.fi/meta/julkinen/dokumentit/YkrVyohykkeet.pdf http://hdl.handle.net/10138/176782 https://helda.helsinki.fi/handle/10138/41574

  • Valtakunnallisessa yhdyskuntarakenteen seurannassa (YKR) kaupunkiseutu muodostuu suurimpien kaupunkikeskusten keskustaajamasta, siihen fyysisesti ja toiminnallisesti tiiviisti liittyvistä lähitaajamista sekä näitä ympäröivästä lievealueesta, joka on haja-asutusaluetta. Kaikkiaan Suomessa kaupunkiseutuja on 34, joista kolme on kaksoiskaupunkeja. Keskustaajamia ovat sellaiset taajamat, joissa väestömäärä oli vuoden 2000 taajamarajauksessa yli 15 000 ja taajama ei ole kaupunkiseudun lähitaajama. Näille keskustaajamille muodostetaan kaupunkiseudut ja joiden kehitystä rajauksella seurataan. Kaksoiskaupungit muodostuvat sellaisista keskustaajamista, joiden reunat ovat alle viiden kilometrin päässä toisistaan ja jotka ovat väestömäärältään samaa kokoluokkaa. Lähitaajama kuuluu kaupunkiseutuun aina siinä tapauksessa jos etäisyys keskustaajaman reunaan on enintään kolme kilometriä. Lähitaajama kuuluu kaupunkiseutuun myös siinä tapauksessa, jos se on yli kolmen kilometrin päässä keskustaajamasta, mutta sen työllisistä yli 20 % käy töissä keskustaajamassa ja lähitaajaman ja keskustaajaman välillä on yhtenäinen alue, jossa talotiheys yhden kilometrin säteellä on yli 45 ja lähitaajaman reuna on alle 40 kilometrin päässä keskustaajaman toiminnallisesta keskipisteestä. Lähitaajaman ja keskustaajaman välillä on oltava myös suora tieyhteys ja kaupunkiseudun on muodostettava lievealueineen yhtenäinen kokonaisuus. Lähitaajama voi kuulua ainoastaan yhteen kaupunkiseutuun ja ollessaan kriteereiltään osa useampaa kuin yhtä kaupunkiseutu, taajama katsotaan kuuluvaksi suurempaan kaupunkiseutuun. Lievealue on kaupunkiseuduille muodostuva yhtenäinen alue, joka ulottuu viiden kilometrin päähän keskustaajaman ulkoreunasta ja kolmen kilometrin päähän kaupunkiseudun lähitaajaman ulkoreunasta. Lievealueeseen eivät kuulu vesistöt, Suomen rajojen ulkopuoliset alueet, eivätkä kaupunkiseutujen ulkopuoliset taajama-alueet. Aineisto kuuluu SYKEn avoimiin aineistoihin (CC BY 4.0). Avoin tieto -palvelussa jaossa on aina uusin versio, joka päivitetään keskimäärin kahden vuoden välein sekä joka viidennen vuoden versio alkaen vuodesta 2010. Ympäristöhallinnon sisäiseen käyttöön aineisto on saatavissa viisivuosittain alkaen vuodesta 1990 lukuunottamatta vuotta 1995. Kaupunkiseutujen muodostamisen lähtötietoina käytetään aina uusimpia mahdollisia YKR-tietoja. Kuitenkin muun muassa työmatkatieodot ovat siihen vuoteen nähden, jota kaupunkiseudut kuvaavat yleensä kaksi vuotta vanhoja. Tämä johtuu aineistojen tuotannossa olevasta viiveestä. Käyttötarkoitus: YKR-kaupunkiseudut on rajattu SYKEssä yhdyskuntarakenteen seurannan tarpeisiin. Lisätietoja: https://geoportal.ymparisto.fi/meta/julkinen/dokumentit/YkrKaupunkiseutu.pdf http://www.ymparisto.fi/fi-FI/Elinymparisto_ja_kaavoitus/Yhdyskuntarakenne/Tietoa_yhdyskuntarakenteesta/Kaupunkiseutujen_rajaus The YKR Urban Regions is a spatial dataset based on the Monitoring System of Spatial Structure and Urban Form (YKR). The definition of urban regions is based on the delineation of localities. The Urban regions consist of the urban localities, which exceed population threshold of 15 000 inhabitants, neighboring localities, which are physically and functionally connected to the urban localities and surrounding urban fringe areas with sparse population. In total there are 34 urban regions in Finland, out of which three are so called twin cities. Twin cities are formed from two urban localities having less than a 5 km distance between their borders and share approximately the same amount of inhabitants. An urban locality is formed of a locality (densely populated area) with a population of at least 15 000 inhabitants and which is not categorized as a neighboring locality of another larger urban region. If the distance from the border of a neighboring locality is less than three kilometers to the border of an urban locality, it is invariably included in an urban region. If the distance from the neighboring locality to the functional center of the urban locality is more than three kilometers, but less than 40 kilometers, and at least 20% of the working population is commuting to the urban locality, the area is included in the urban region. However, in these cases, there has to be also a continuous residential area, with more than 45 residential buildings per km² between the urban locality and the neighboring locality. There must also be direct road access between the urban and neighboring locality. If these criteria are met, the area is included in the urban region. A neighboring locality can be connected to only one urban locality at a time. In conflict situations the locality in question is joined to the largest of the urban regions. The urban fringe area is a continuous area surrounding urban regions. It extends five kilometers from the border of the urban locality and three kilometers from the border of the neighboring locality. The urban fringe area does not include water areas, areas outside Finnish national borders or localities outside urban regions. The Finnish title of the dataset is YKR Kaupunkiseudut. This dataset belongs to SYKE’s open data collection (CC BY 4.0). Syke’s open information service delivers the most current version of the dataset, which is updated at five year intervals. For the internal use in environmental administration the data is available at five year intervals from 1990 onwards with the exception of 1995. Urban regions are always formed using the most current YKR-data available. In some cases (e.g. YKR-commuting data) YKR-data is outdated compared to the year that the urban regions represent. This results from the delays in the data production processes. Purpose of use: The urban regions dataset is used internally in Finnish Environmental Institute for tasks related to the monitoring of urban changes. More information: http://www.ymparisto.fi/en-US/Living_environment_and_planning/Community_structure/Information_about_the_community_structure/Delineation_of_densely_populated_areas