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  • The themes of the Topographic database and Topographic map raster series (scale 1:10,000) have been compiled into seven theme entities, theme rasters, required by the Inspire directive: hydrography, elevation, traffic network, land use, land cover, place names and buildings. In addition to the above, the theme rasters also include the municipal division, road names and map sheet division as separate themes. The theme rasters have not been implemented according to the imaging technology defined in the Inspire directive. They will be produced later. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • An aerial photograph is a photograph of the terrain taken from an aeroplane. The images are vertical photographs applicable to be used in mapping. The aerial photographs are reprocessed into dimensionally accurate images called orthophotos. Aerial photographs are available since the 1930s, depending on the area. Aerial photographs are available in black and white, colour and infrared. The size and accuracy of aerial photos depend on the camera, photography scale and altitude or ground sample distance (GSD). The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. Aerial photographs can be ordered by pieces that cover a certain area. The latest orthophotos based on the aerial photographs can be downloaded free of charge from the File service of open data.

  • National Land Survey's Topographic map in vector format is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The most important elements are the road network, administrative borders, preservation areas, population centres, geographic names, waterways, land use and elevation. The largest scale level (1:100,000) of the Topographic map in vector format is produced by generalising from the Topographic database. Topographic map 1:250,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:100,000. Topographic map 1:1,000,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:250,000. Topographic map 1:4,500,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:1,000,000. The geographic names have been generalised from the geographic names in the Geographic Names Register to map names suited to the scale in question. The administrative borders in the Municipal Division of each scale are used as administrative borders. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • The Topographic map is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The key elements in it are the road network, buildings and constructions, geographic names, waterways, land use and elevation. The more precise levels of the Topographic map consist of the same map objects and map symbols depicted in the same way as in the familiar Basic map. Basic map raster is applicable to be used, for instance, as a base map for planning land use or for excursion and outdoor recreational purposes in mobile devices and in various Internet services associated with nature. When going over to the more general datasets in the Topographic map, the number and visualisation of objects and map symbols changes. The generalised small-scale Topographic maps raster are applicable to be used as approach maps in e.g. mobile devices and Internet services. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • Laser scanning data refers to three-dimensional point-like data depicting the ground and objects on the ground. Each point is provided with x, y and z coordinate information. Laser scanning data is collected i.a. for updating elevation models, creating 3D geometries of buildings, mapping flood risks, and collecting information about forest resources. The terms of use must be approved to use laser scanning data.

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    The map sheet division is a system created for printing maps, which covers map sheet codes, map scales and map sheet sizes. The map sheet division is a system created for printing maps, which covers map sheet codes, map scales and map sheet sizes. Today, map sheet division is also used for other purposes. It is also possible to download other NLS datasets in addition to maps in accordance with map sheet division. The map sheet division TM35, which is based on the projected coordinate reference system ETRS-TM35FIN is in use today. Before 2007, a map sheet division that was based on the KKS coordinate reference system was used. The TM35 map sheet division consists of 7 different grid sizes, the smallest scale is 1:200,000 and the largest is 1:5000. An explanation of how the grids are further split into more detailed grids and the principles of map sheet numbering is on the National Land Survey website (in Finnish) https://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/kartat-ja-paikkatieto/kartat/osta-kartta/nain-loydat-oikean-karttalehden. The attribute data of the grids include map sheet number, the area of a square on the grid, perimeter and the coordinates of the centre of the square. The map sheet division is available as a file in vector format and through our contract-based WMTS service in raster format. In addition, you can view it in the geoportal Paikkatietoikkuna. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey.

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    Elevation model 10 m depicts the elevation of the ground surface of the whole of Finland in relation to sea level. Its grid size is 10 m x 10 m and the accuracy of elevation data 1.4 metres. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • Hillshade (elevation model) is a raster dataset visualising the elevation of the terrain. There are five product versions available in which the pixel sizes are 2, 8, 32, 64, 128 and 512 metres. Pixel size 2 m has been produced of the dataset Elevation model 2 m. The other sizes have been produced of the dataset Elevation model 10 m. The material does not contain elevation values; it is a greyscale image that visualises the direction and steepness of hills. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • Division into administrative areas (raster) is a dataset depicting the municipal Division of Finland. The dataset Municipal Division is produced in scales 1:10,000, 1:100,000, 1:250,000, 1:1,000,000 and 1:4,500,000. The data included in the dataset in scale 1:10,000 are taken from the Cadastre. Regarding other scales, municipal boundaries have been generalised to suit the scale in question. Division into administrative areas products in raster format include municipal boundaries only. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey.

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    The location of the real property unit is shown on the cadastral index map. On the map, there are property and other register unit boundaries, boundary markers and property identifiers. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey. Other attribute data related to properties are available in the Cadastre. Further information (in Finnish): http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/kiinteistot/asiantuntevalle-kayttajalle/kiinteistotiedot-ja-niiden-hankinta