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National Land Survey of Finland

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  • Control points and their coordinates and elevations define in practice the reference system for coordinates and elevations used in Finland. The NLS benchmark register contains information about nationwide control points and benchmarks. The marks are mainly horizontal and elevation control points in classes 1–3 measured by the National Land Survey of Finland. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • National Land Survey's Topographic map in vector format is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The most important elements are the road network, administrative borders, preservation areas, population centres, geographic names, waterways, land use and elevation. The largest scale level (1:100,000) of the Topographic map in vector format is produced by generalising from the Topographic database. Topographic map 1:250,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:100,000. Topographic map 1:1,000,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:250,000. Topographic map 1:4,500,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:1,000,000. The geographic names have been generalised from the geographic names in the Geographic Names Register to map names suited to the scale in question. The administrative borders in the Municipal Division of each scale are used as administrative borders. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • Hillshade is a raster dataset visualising the elevation of the terrain. There are five product versions available in which the pixel sizes are 2, 8, 32, 64, 128 and 512 metres. Pixel size 2 m has been produced of the dataset Elevation model 2 m. The other sizes have been produced of the dataset Elevation model 10 m. The material does not contain elevation values; it is a greyscale image that visualises the direction and steepness of hills. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. See also Hillshade (elevation model): https://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/product-descriptions/hillshade

  • Laser scanning data refers to three-dimensional point-like data depicting the ground and objects on the ground. Each point is provided with x, y and z coordinate information. Laser scanning data is collected i.a. for updating elevation models, creating 3D geometries of buildings, mapping flood risks, and collecting information about forest resources. The terms of use must be approved to use laser scanning data.

  • The 3D vectors for buildings are three-dimensional instances of the Building target category in the National Topographic Database (KMTK). The 3D vectors are produced with a high degree of automation from laser scanning data 5 p based on 2D vectors for buildings in KMTK. For the time being, data is available only from a few example areas, but the coverage will be extended to the whole of Finland as the laser scanning programme proceeds. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

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    Elevation model 10 m depicts the elevation of the ground surface of the whole of Finland in relation to sea level. Its grid size is 10 m x 10 m and the accuracy of elevation data 1.4 metres. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • The Topographic map is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The key elements in it are the road network, buildings and constructions, geographic names, waterways, land use and elevation. The more precise levels of the Topographic map consist of the same map objects and map symbols depicted in the same way as in the familiar Basic map. Basic map raster is applicable to be used, for instance, as a base map for planning land use or for excursion and outdoor recreational purposes in mobile devices and in various Internet services associated with nature. When going over to the more general datasets in the Topographic map, the number and visualisation of objects and map symbols changes. The generalised small-scale Topographic maps raster are applicable to be used as approach maps in e.g. mobile devices and Internet services. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • Laser scanning data refers to three-dimensional point-like data depicting the ground and objects on the ground. Each point is provided with x, y and z coordinate information. Laser scanning data is available from all of Finland. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. From 2020 onwards, laser scanning data according to the laser scanning programme will be produced. The product description of the 'Laser scanning data 5 p' according to the scanning programme is available: https://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/product-descriptions/laser-scanning-data-5-p. A spaced-out open dataset will be created from the new Laser scanning data 5 p: https://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/product-descriptions/laser-scanning-data-05-p. The characteristics of this dataset correspond to the Laser scanning data 2008–2019 dataset.

  • The Plain map series is a simple, plain and readable dataset product series in raster format that depicts the whole of Finland. The product is meant to be used as a background map whose character changes to a guide map in large scales. Impaired vision has been taken into account when designing the product. The key objects presented on the map are roads and railways, road names, buildings and constructions, administrative borders, waterways and other geographical names. The road network, public buildings and texts have been especially emphasised. The most usual limitations of colour vision have been taken into account in the use of colours. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • The Background map is a dataset product series in raster format that depicts the whole of Finland and that is meant for web use as a background material for thematic data. Its key objects are road names, roads and railways, buildings and constructions, administrative borders, geographical names, waterways, land use and addresses of buildings (from the Digital and Population Data Services Agency). The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.