National Land Survey of Finland
Type of resources
Contact for the resource
The map sheet division is a system created for printing maps, which covers map sheet codes, map scales and map sheet sizes. The map sheet division is a system created for printing maps, which covers map sheet codes, map scales and map sheet sizes. Today, map sheet division is also used for other purposes. It is also possible to download other NLS datasets in addition to maps in accordance with map sheet division. The map sheet division TM35, which is based on the projected coordinate reference system ETRS-TM35FIN is in use today. Before 2007, a map sheet division that was based on the KKS coordinate reference system was used. The TM35 map sheet division consists of 7 different grid sizes, the smallest scale is 1:200,000 and the largest is 1:5000. An explanation of how the grids are further split into more detailed grids and the principles of map sheet numbering is on the National Land Survey website (in Finnish) https://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/kartat-ja-paikkatieto/kartat/osta-kartta/nain-loydat-oikean-karttalehden. The attribute data of the grids include map sheet number, the area of a square on the grid, perimeter and the coordinates of the centre of the square. The map sheet division is available as a file in vector format and through our contract-based WMTS service in raster format. In addition, you can view it in the geoportal Paikkatietoikkuna. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey.
Division into administrative areas (raster) is a dataset depicting the municipal Division of Finland. The dataset Municipal Division is produced in scales 1:10,000, 1:100,000, 1:250,000, 1:1,000,000 and 1:4,500,000. The data included in the dataset in scale 1:10,000 are taken from the Cadastre. Regarding other scales, municipal boundaries have been generalised to suit the scale in question. Division into administrative areas products in raster format include municipal boundaries only. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey.
Laser scanning data refers to three-dimensional point-like data depicting the ground and objects on the ground. Each point is provided with x, y and z coordinate information. Laser scanning data is available from all of Finland. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. From 2020 onwards, laser scanning data according to the laser scanning programme will be produced. The product description of the 'Laser scanning data 5 p' according to the scanning programme is available: https://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/product-descriptions/laser-scanning-data-5-p. A spaced-out open dataset will be created from the new Laser scanning data 5 p: https://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/product-descriptions/laser-scanning-data-05-p. The characteristics of this dataset correspond to the Laser scanning data 2008–2019 dataset.
An aerial photograph is a photograph of the terrain taken from an aeroplane. The images are vertical photographs applicable to be used in mapping. The aerial photographs are reprocessed into dimensionally accurate images called orthophotos. Aerial photographs are available since the 1930s, depending on the area. Aerial photographs are available in black and white, colour and false colour. The size and accuracy of aerial photos depend on the camera, photography scale and altitude or ground sample distance (GSD). The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. Aerial photographs can be ordered by pieces that cover a certain area. The latest orthophotos based on the aerial photographs can be downloaded free of charge from the File service of open data.
The location of the real property unit is shown on the cadastral index map. On the map, there are property and other register unit boundaries and property identifiers. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey. Further information (in Finnish): http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/kiinteistot/asiantuntevalle-kayttajalle/kiinteistotiedot-ja-niiden-hankinta
Control points and their coordinates and elevations define in practice the reference system for coordinates and elevations used in Finland. The NLS benchmark register contains information about nationwide control points and benchmarks. The marks are mainly horizontal and elevation control points in classes 1–3 measured by the National Land Survey of Finland. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.
The Plain map series is a simple, plain and readable dataset product series in raster format that depicts the whole of Finland. The product is meant to be used as a background map whose character changes to a guide map in large scales. Impaired vision has been taken into account when designing the product. The key objects presented on the map are roads and railways, road names, buildings and constructions, administrative borders, waterways and other geographical names. The road network, public buildings and texts have been especially emphasised. The most usual limitations of colour vision have been taken into account in the use of colours. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.
Elevation zones is a raster dataset that visualises elevation of the terrain. The product covers the whole of Finland. There are four product versions available in which the pixel sizes are 32, 64, 128 and 512 metres. The dataset does not contain elevation values; it is a colour image that visualises the height of the terrain above sea level as zones. The sea is shown in light blue in the elevation zone. The product Elevation zones is available as a version that covers the whole country and as versions that cover a certain area. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.
The themes of the Topographic database and Topographic map raster series (scale 1:10,000) have been compiled into seven theme entities, theme rasters, required by the Inspire directive: hydrography, elevation, traffic network, land use, land cover, place names and buildings. In addition to the above, the theme rasters also include the municipal division, road names and map sheet division as separate themes. The theme rasters have not been implemented according to the imaging technology defined in the Inspire directive. They will be produced later. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.
The Background map is a dataset product series in raster format that depicts the whole of Finland and that is meant for web use as a background material for thematic data. Its key objects are road names, roads and railways, buildings and constructions, administrative borders, geographical names, waterways, land use and addresses of buildings (from the Digital and Population Data Services Agency). The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.