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  • The EMODnet (European Marine Observation and Data network) Geology project collects and harmonizes marine geological data from the European sea areas to support decision making and sustainable marine spatial planning. The partnership includes 39 marine organizations from 30 countries. The partners, mainly from the marine departments of the geological surveys of Europe (through the Association of European Geological Surveys-EuroGeoSurveys), have assembled marine geological information at various scales from all European sea areas (e.g. the White Sea, Baltic Sea, Barents Sea, the Iberian Coast, and the Mediterranean Sea within EU waters). This dataset includes EMODnet seabed substrate maps at a scale of 1:50 000 from the European marine areas. Traditionally, European countries have conducted their marine geological surveys according to their own national standards and classified substrates on the grounds of their national classification schemes. These national classifications are harmonised into a shared EMODnet schema using Folk's sediment triangle with a hierarchy of 16, 7 and 5 substrate classes. The data describes the seabed substrate from the uppermost 30 cm of the sediment column. Further information about the EMODnet Geology project is available on the portal (http://www.emodnet-geology.eu/).

  • The EMODnet (European Marine Observation and Data network) Geology project collects and harmonizes marine geological data from the European sea areas to support decision making and sustainable marine spatial planning. The partnership includes 39 marine organizations from 30 countries. The partners, mainly from the marine departments of the geological surveys of Europe (through the Association of European Geological Surveys-EuroGeoSurveys), have assembled marine geological information at various scales from all European sea areas (e.g. the White Sea, Baltic Sea, Barents Sea, the Iberian Coast, and the Mediterranean Sea within EU waters). This multiscale dataset includes EMODnet seabed substrate maps at a scale of 1:1 500, 1:5 000, 1:10 000, 1:15 000, 1:20 000, 1:25 000, 1:30 000, 1:45 000, 1: 50 000, 1:60 000, 1:70 000 from the European marine areas. Traditionally, European countries have conducted their marine geological surveys according to their own national standards and classified substrates on the grounds of their national classification schemes. These national classifications are harmonised into a shared EMODnet schema using Folk's sediment triangle with a hierarchy of 16, 7 and 5 substrate classes. The data describes the seabed substrate from the uppermost 30 cm of the sediment column. Further information about the EMODnet Geology project is available on the portal (http://www.emodnet-geology.eu/).

  • The Superficial deposits 1:20 000 / 1:50 000 data include material produced during the period 1972-2007 for land use planning, for the mapping and inventory of the natural resources as well as for environmental management and for scientific research. The main mapping scale has been 1:10 000. The data contains a sediment as a basal deposit at a depth of one metre. The minimum size of the basal deposit polygon is two hectares, with islands, mire and field enclosures, as well as geologically significant sites as an exception. The 0.4-0.9 m thick layers are described as overlying the basal deposit and, in geologically or economically significant cases, such layers could be even thicker. The minimum polygon size of the overlying deposit is usually four hectares. Thin covering layers under 0.4 m in thickness, which are difficult to delimit but effect an area of at least four hectares, are displayed as point data. Besides the deposits Quaternary geological formations formed in different ways, such as eskers and hummocky moraines, are described in the data. Other mapping sites such as small rock exposures, dunes and raised beaches are shown as point or line data. Coordinate reference system of the Superficial deposits 1:20 000 / 1:50 000 was transformed in March 2013. The transformation from Finnish National Grid Coordinate System (Kartastokoordinaattijärjestelmä, KKJ) Uniform Coordinate Frame to ETRS-TM35FIN projection was done by using the three-dimensional transformation in accordance with the recommendations for the public administration JHS154.

  • The Topographic map is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The key elements in it are the road network, buildings and constructions, geographic names, waterways, land use and elevation. The more precise levels of the Topographic map consist of the same map objects and map symbols depicted in the same way as in the familiar Basic map. Basic map raster is applicable to be used, for instance, as a base map for planning land use or for excursion and outdoor recreational purposes in mobile devices and in various Internet services associated with nature. When going over to the more general datasets in the Topographic map, the number and visualisation of objects and map symbols changes. The generalised small-scale Topographic maps raster are applicable to be used as approach maps in e.g. mobile devices and Internet services. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • Valtakunnallisesti arvokkaat maisema-alueet (VAMA 2021) on hyväksytty valtioneuvoston päätöksellä 18.11.2021. Suomessa on 186 valtakunnallisesti arvokasta maisema-aluetta. Ne ovat maaseutumme edustavimpia kulttuurimaisemia, joiden arvo perustuu monimuotoiseen kulttuurivaikutteiseen luontoon, hoidettuun viljelymaisemaan ja perinteiseen rakennuskantaan. Ylä-Lapin kohteet ovat pääpiirteiltään saamelaisia kulttuurimaisemia, jotka edustavat poronhoitoon ja muihin luontaiselinkeinoihin perustuvia maisematyyppejä. Merialueiden kohteisiin sisältyy saaristoalueiden elinkeinojen maisematyyppejä. Mukana on myös metsätalouden maisematyyppejä sekä historiallisesti ja maisemallisesti huomattavia maisemanähtävyyksiä. Maankäyttö- ja rakennuslain (132/1999, MRL) valtakunnalliset alueidenkäyttötavoitteet (VAT) edellyttävät, että valtakunnallisesti arvokkaiden kulttuuriympäristöjen ja luonnonperinnön arvojen turvaamisesta huolehditaan. Tämä on maankäyttö- ja rakennuslain (MRL) 24 §:n mukaan otettava huomioon valtion viranomaisten toiminnassa, maakunnan suunnittelussa ja muussa alueidenkäytön suunnittelussa. VAMA on viranomaisten laatima valtakunnallinen inventointi, joka muodostaa tietopohjan valtakunnallisten alueiden käyttötavoitteiden mukaisten kulttuuriympäristön arvojen huomioimiselle. Käyttötarkoitus: Kartta-aineisto on luotu maisemiin liittyvän tiedon hallintaa ja sen soveltamista varten. Aineisto on tarkoitettu kuntien, maakuntien liittojen sekä muiden maankäytön suunnittelusta ja toteuttamisesta vastaavien viranomaisten ja muiden tahojen käyttöön. Digitointimittakaava vaihtelee eri alueilla. Maisema ilmiönä ei ole luonteeltaan tarkkarajainen. Aineisto korvaa edellisen, vuodelta 1995 olevan aineiston. Lisätietoja: www.ymparisto.fi/fi-Fi/luonto/Maisemat/Arvokkaat_maisemaalueet Alueiden nimet Excel-taulukkona: https://geoportal.ymparisto.fi/meta/julkinen/dokumentit/VAMA.xls Aineisto kuuluu SYKEn avoimiin aineistoihin (CC BY 4.0). Nationellt värdefulla landskapsområden Nationellt värdefulla landskapsområden (VAMA 2021) har godkänts genom statsrådets beslut den 18 november 2021. I Finland finns det 186 nationellt värdefulla landskapsområden. De utgör de mest representativa kulturlandskapen på landsbygden. Deras värde baserar sig på en mångformig kulturpåverkad natur, ett vårdat odlingslandskap och ett traditionellt byggnadsbestånd. De berörda områdena i övre Lappland består i huvudsak av samiska kulturlandskap, som representerar landskapstyper baserade på renskötsel och andra naturnäringar. De berörda områdena i havsområdena inbegriper landskapstyper baserade på skärgårdsnäringar. I helheten ingår även skogsbrukets landskapstyper, samt historiskt och landskapsmässigt betydelsefulla landskapssevärdheter. De riksomfattande målen för områdesanvändningen enligt markanvändnings- och bygglagen (132/1999) förutsätter att den nationellt värdefulla kulturmiljöns och naturarvets värden tryggas. Detta ska enligt 24 § i ovannämnda lag beaktas i de statliga myndigheternas verksamhet, vid planeringen på landskapsnivå och vid annan områdesplanering. VAMA är en riksomfattande inventering utförd av myndigheterna och utgör informationsunderlag för beaktandet av kulturmiljöernas värden i enlighet med de riksomfattande målen för områdesanvändningen. Syfte: Kartmaterial har skapats för hantering och tillämpning av landskapsrelaterad information. Materialet är avsett för att användas av kommuner, landskapsförbund och andra myndigheter samt andra som har ansvar för planering och genomförande av markanvändning. Digitaliseringens skala varierar inom olika områden. Landskap som fenomen är inte skarpt avgränsade till sin natur. Materialet ersätter det tidigare materialet från år 1995. Läs mer: www.ymparisto.fi/sv-FI/Natur/Landskap/Vardefulla_landskapsomraden SYKEs öppna geodata kan användas i enlighet med öppen datalicens (CC BY 4.0). Nationally valuable landscapes Nationally valuable landscapes (VAMA 2021) has been approved based on Government Decision on 18 November 2021. There are 186 areas in Finland that have been classified as nationally valuable landscapes. They represent the cultural landscapes of our country, and their value is based on culturally significant natural diversity, cultivated agricultural landscape and traditional architecture. The sites in Northern Lapland are mainly Sámi cultural landscapes that represent landscape types typical to reindeer husbandry and other natural livelihoods. Marine sites include landscape types characteristic to archipelago livelihoods. They also include landscape types marked by forestry as well as historically and scenically notable attractions. The national land use objectives provided for in the Land Use and Building Act (132/1999) require ensuring that the values of nationally valuable cultural environments and natural heritage are safeguarded. In accordance with Section 24 of the Act, this shall be taken into account in the activities of state authorities, regional planning and other land use planning. VAMA is a national inventory prepared by the authorities. It forms a knowledge base for taking note of the cultural environment values in accordance with the national land use objectives. Purpose: The map data has been compiled for the management and application of landscape-related data. The data is intended for use by municipalities, regional councils and other authorities and parties responsible for land use planning and implementation. The digitalisation scale varies from region to region. Landscape as a phenomenon is not specific in nature. The data replaces the previous data from 1995. Read more: https://www.ymparisto.fi/en-US/Nature/Landscapes/Nationally_valuable_landscapes This SYKE’s dataset can be used according to open data license (CC BY 4.0).