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National Land Survey of Finland

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  • An aerial photograph is a photograph of the terrain taken from an aeroplane. The images are vertical photographs applicable to be used in mapping. The aerial photographs are reprocessed into dimensionally accurate images called orthophotos. Aerial photographs are available since the 1930s, depending on the area. Aerial photographs are available in black and white, colour and infrared. The size and accuracy of aerial photos depend on the camera, photography scale and altitude or ground sample distance (GSD). The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it

  • Hillshade is a raster dataset visualising the elevation of the terrain. There are five product versions available in which the pixel sizes are 2, 8, 32, 64, 128 and 512 metres (old versions in PNG format and pixel sizes 10, 40, 80, 160 and 640 metres are still available through 2016). Pixel size 2 m has been produced of the dataset Elevation model 2 m and it does not cover the whole of Finland. The other sizes have been produced of the dataset Elevation model 10 m and they cover the whole country. The material does not contain elevation values; it is a greyscale image that visualises the direction and steepness of hills. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it.

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    National Land Survey's geographic names are available as interfaces and files. Interfaces and file products comprise of place name products and map name products. The place name products include data about approximately 800,000 named places and their names in different languages. Data about place are among others place type, plane location and height above sea level, and data about names are among others the spelling that has been checked by the Institute for the Languages of Finland and language (Finnish, Swedish, Northern Sami, Inari Sami or Skolt Sami. In the place name products, every place and its name or names appear only once. The map name products contain the place names that have been selected for the National Land Survey's nine standard map products and information about the cartographical presentation of them. The information includes the location of the name on the map, for instance the coordinates of the left lower corner of the map text, the direction and bending of the text as well as typographical information, such as font type, size and colour. The name of a particular place, such as a river, can appear several times in the same map product.

  • The themes of the Topographic database and Topographic map raster series (scale 1:10,000) have been compiled into seven theme entities, theme rasters, required by the Inspire directive: hydrography, elevation, traffic network, land use, land cover, place names and buildings. In addition to the above, the theme rasters also include the municipal division, road names and map sheet division as separate themes. The theme rasters have not been implemented according to the imaging technology defined in the Inspire directive. They will be produced later. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it.

  • Control points and their coordinates and elevations define in practice the reference system for coordinates and elevations used in Finland. The NLS benchmark register contains information about nationwide control points and benchmarks. The marks are mainly horizontal and elevation control points in classes 1–3 measured by the National Land Survey of Finland. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it.

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    The location of the real property unit is shown on the cadastral index map. On the map, there are property and other register unit boundaries, boundary markers and property identifiers. The Land Information System of Finland contains attribute data related to property. Further information (in Finnish): http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/kiinteistot/asiantuntevalle-kayttajalle/kiinteistotiedot-ja-niiden-hankinta The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it: http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it

  • The Plain map series is a simple, plain and readable dataset product series in raster format that depicts the whole of Finland. The product is meant to be used as a background map whose character changes to a guide map in large scales. Impaired vision has been taken into account when designing the product. The key objects presented on the map are roads and railways, road names, buildings and constructions, administrative borders, waterways and other geographical names. The road network, public buildings and texts have been especially emphasised. The most usual limitations of colour vision have been taken into account in the use of colours. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it.

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    NLS orthophotos are an aerial photo data set covering the whole of Finland. The geometry of the orthophotos corresponds to a map. NLS orthophotos are updated every 3 to 10 years. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Acquisition of open data http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it

  • The Topographic map series is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The key elements in it are the road network, buildings and constructions, geographic names, waterways, land use and elevation. The more precise levels of the Topographic map series consist of the same map objects and map symbols depicted in the same way as in the familiar Basic map. Basic map raster is applicable to be used, for instance, as a base map for planning land use or for excursion and outdoor recreational purposes in mobile devices and in various Internet services associated with nature. When going over to the more general datasets in the Topographic map series, the number and visualisation of objects and map symbols changes. The generalised small-scale Topographic maps raster are applicable to be used as approach maps in e.g. mobile devices and Internet services. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it

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    Elevation model 2 m is a model depicting the elevation of the ground surface in relation to sea level. Its grid size is 2 m x 2 m. The dataset is based on laser scanning data, the point density of which is at least 0.5 points per square metre. The product is available as versions with different coverage areas through-out the whole country but not as comprehensive. New data is added to the dataset continuously. Eleva-tion model 10 m is available as a version that covers the whole of Finland. Elevation model 2 m is produced in two quality classes: the elevation accuracy in class I is on average 0.3 metres and the elevation accuracy in class II varies between 0.3 metres and one metre. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland. More information: Topographic data and how to acquire it http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/en/maps-and-spatial-data/expert-users/topographic-data-and-how-acquire-it