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National Land Survey of Finland

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  • Division into administrative areas (raster) is a dataset depicting the municipal Division of Finland. The dataset Municipal Division is produced in scales 1:10,000, 1:100,000, 1:250,000, 1:1,000,000 and 1:4,500,000. The data included in the dataset in scale 1:10,000 are taken from the Cadastre. Regarding other scales, municipal boundaries have been generalised to suit the scale in question. Division into administrative areas products in raster format include municipal boundaries only. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey.

  • Division into administrative areas (vector) is a dataset depicting the municipalities, regions, Regional State Administrative Agencies, and the national border of Finland. The Division into administrative areas products in vector format contain the number codes of the municipalities, the names of the municipalities in both Finnish and Swedish as well as municipal boundaries and municipal geographical areas. In addition, the products include the corresponding information about the regions, the Regional State Administrative Agencies, and the nation as well as a specification of the municipality's area into land and water area. The municipality's area is not included in the XML/GML and GeoPackage format. The dataset Municipal Division is produced in scales 1:10,000, 1:100,000, 1:250,000, 1:1,000,000 and 1:4,500,000. The data included in the dataset in scale 1:10,000 are taken from the Cadastre. Regarding other scales, municipal boundaries have been generalised to suit the scale in question. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey.

  • The themes of the Topographic database and Topographic map raster series (scale 1:10,000) have been compiled into seven theme entities, theme rasters, required by the Inspire directive: hydrography, elevation, traffic network, land use, land cover, place names and buildings. In addition to the above, the theme rasters also include the municipal division, road names and map sheet division as separate themes. The theme rasters have not been implemented according to the imaging technology defined in the Inspire directive. They will be produced later. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • National Land Survey's Topographic map in vector format is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The most important elements are the road network, administrative borders, preservation areas, population centres, geographic names, waterways, land use and elevation. The largest scale level (1:100,000) of the Topographic map in vector format is produced by generalising from the Topographic database. Topographic map 1:250,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:100,000. Topographic map 1:1,000,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:250,000. Topographic map 1:4,500,000 is produced by generalising the dataset 1:1,000,000. The geographic names have been generalised from the geographic names in the Geographic Names Register to map names suited to the scale in question. The administrative borders in the Municipal Division of each scale are used as administrative borders. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • Categories  

    The Cadastral index map shows location data of real property units. They include boundaries, boundary markers, property identifiers, and unseparated parcels of real property units and other register units. The product is open data. You can take the product into use via the interface services or in file format in the Download geospatial data section on MapSite. You can read more about acquisition in the section Distribution and further information below. If you download the product with municipal boundaries on MapSite, it is good to know that parcels also include areas from the neighbouring municipality. You can make a more precise intersection in the client software, for instance with the Administrative areas product. The linear boundary data is, however, intersected according to municipal boundaries. Other attribute data related to properties are available in the Cadastre. More information (in Finnish and Swedish): http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/kiinteistot/asiantuntevalle-kayttajalle/kiinteistotiedot-ja-niiden-hankinta

  • Categories  

    The Topographic database is a dataset depicting the terrain of all of Finland. The key objects in the Topographic database are the road network, buildings and constructions, administrative borders, geographic names, land use, waterways and elevation. Aerial photographs, scanning data and data provided by other data providers are utilised in updating the Topographic database. The updating is done in close cooperation with the municipalities. Field checks in the terrain are also needed to some extent, mostly as regards the classification of features. The topographic database is used in the production of other map products and in various optimisation tasks. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • Control points and their coordinates and elevations define in practice the reference system for coordinates and elevations used in Finland. The NLS benchmark register contains information about nationwide control points and benchmarks. The marks are mainly horizontal and elevation control points in classes 1–3 measured by the National Land Survey of Finland. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.

  • Categories  

    The map sheet division is a system created for printing maps, which covers map sheet codes, map scales and map sheet sizes. The map sheet division is a system created for printing maps, which covers map sheet codes, map scales and map sheet sizes. Today, map sheet division is also used for other purposes. It is also possible to download other NLS datasets in addition to maps in accordance with map sheet division. The map sheet division TM35, which is based on the projected coordinate reference system ETRS-TM35FIN is in use today. Before 2007, a map sheet division that was based on the KKS coordinate reference system was used. The TM35 map sheet division consists of 7 different grid sizes, the smallest scale is 1:200,000 and the largest is 1:5000. An explanation of how the grids are further split into more detailed grids and the principles of map sheet numbering is on the National Land Survey website (in Finnish) https://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/kartat-ja-paikkatieto/kartat/osta-kartta/nain-loydat-oikean-karttalehden. The attribute data of the grids include map sheet number, the area of a square on the grid, perimeter and the coordinates of the centre of the square. The map sheet division is available as a file in vector format and through our contract-based WMTS service in raster format. In addition, you can view it in the geoportal Paikkatietoikkuna. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey.

  • Laser scanning data refers to three-dimensional point-like data depicting the ground and objects on the ground. Each point is provided with x, y and z coordinate information. Laser scanning data is collected i.a. for updating elevation models, creating 3D geometries of buildings, mapping flood risks, and collecting information about forest resources. The terms of use must be approved to use laser scanning data.

  • The 3D vectors for buildings are three-dimensional instances of the Building target category in the National Topographic Database (KMTK). The 3D vectors are produced with a high degree of automation from laser scanning data 5 p based on 2D vectors for buildings in KMTK. For the time being, data is available only from a few example areas, but the coverage will be extended to the whole of Finland as the laser scanning programme proceeds. The product belongs to the open data of the National Land Survey of Finland.