Geographical grid systems
Type of resources
Contact for the resource
The map sheet division is a system created for printing maps, which covers map sheet codes, map scales and map sheet sizes. The map sheet division is a system created for printing maps, which covers map sheet codes, map scales and map sheet sizes. Today, map sheet division is also used for other purposes. It is also possible to download other NLS datasets in addition to maps in accordance with map sheet division. The map sheet division TM35, which is based on the projected coordinate reference system ETRS-TM35FIN is in use today. Before 2007, a map sheet division that was based on the KKS coordinate reference system was used. The TM35 map sheet division consists of 7 different grid sizes, the smallest scale is 1:200,000 and the largest is 1:5000. An explanation of how the grids are further split into more detailed grids and the principles of map sheet numbering is on the National Land Survey website (in Finnish) https://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/kartat-ja-paikkatieto/kartat/osta-kartta/nain-loydat-oikean-karttalehden. The attribute data of the grids include map sheet number, the area of a square on the grid, perimeter and the coordinates of the centre of the square. The map sheet division is available as a file in vector format and through our contract-based WMTS service in raster format. In addition, you can view it in the geoportal Paikkatietoikkuna. The product is a part of the open data of the National Land Survey.
The Finnish Uniform Coordinate System (in Finnish Yhtenäiskoordinaatisto, YKJ) has been used in biological observation mapping since the 1970s. Based on YKJ, Finland is divided in square-shaped areas, the size of which are determined according to the needs of the study. The area division used in national biomonitoring is 10 km x 10 km squares, but in some cases 1 km x 1 km and 100 m x 100 m YKJ squares are also used. This data set includes XY-lines that form square grid in four scales according to Unified Coordinate System (100 m - 100 km), with identifiers describing each square.
Paikkatietohakemisto is a national metadata discovery service.